Movie Genres: Horror

Géneros de películas: Terror

Horror films o Terror is a film genre that aims to awaken in the viewer Fear, horror and disgust. The unknown is a fundamental component of this genre and is often identified in a hostile and evil sense, while the omnipresent good often wins.

The birth of this genre has its origin in the literature of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and since the dawn of cinema itself, supernatural facts can already be found in the first short films of one of the most important pioneers. Georges Méliès. For the first appearance of a monster in a feature film, it was not until 1923 with the appearance of Quasimodo o The Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Many of the first horror films were German, the genre became very popular, for example, with the famous Nosferatu the vampire (1922) by Murnau, an unauthorized adaptation of Dracula by Bram Stoker.

gender characteristics

Features of this type are immediately accurate:

"Frames in dilapidated places such as abandoned castles and churches and, later, underground areas bordering metropolises; dark and gloomy atmospheres (with strong contrasts of shadow and light); monstrous, mysterious, demonic characters opposed to positive figures; disturbing effects such as creaking doors and self-extinguishing candles; altered mental states; deviant sexuality."
This is how the encyclopedia of cinema describes the genre Braids.

The horror film boom

It was in the 1930s when Hollywood producers, especially Universal images, bring horror movies to the big screen and make them popular. Famous movies that spawned sequels, reboots, remakes, prequels, and more. Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), The mummy (1932) and The Invisible Man (1933).

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In the 1950 We are beginning to have a real gender revolution. If in previous decades these films were strewn with archetypal figures of the collective imagination and often borrowed from genre literature, from the 1950s they were introduced. New characters and concepts. From the most prevalent fears that finally manifested themselves on the big screen without filter, as a mirror of society, to the introduction of Aliens. An example above all of this trend Science fiction horror is Assault on the land (1954).

We hit 60 when the genre approaches it psychological, we evoke the famous thriller of Hitchcock, Psychopath (1960). Another of the most influential horror films of these years is undoubtedly Night of the Living Dead (1968) by Rosemary, this epic zombie film took light years of horror away from the old gothic vein of the early years and introduced it into the lives of modern people.

Psycho Horror 1960

In the 1970s I Low-budget movies and the public interest inhidden. Famous directors challenged themselves by bringing them to the big screen Movie which had all the features of Movie B, creating respectable works such as Extraterrestrial (1979) by Ridley Scott. Also in Italy, this genre spread and became very popular, also thanks to the dominance of Dario Argento considered by Hitchcock himself as his heir, with the perfect mix of suspense and horror genres poured into the immortal film. Dark red (1975).

Undoubtedly one of the best known and most famous films of the 70s is The Exorcist (1973) Critically acclaimed, it provoked mass hysteria, had a significant cultural impact and became a classic of horror films.

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Deep red horror

In the 80s they were born real Gender icons: Michael Myers, Freddy Krueger and Jason Voorhees. Disturbing characters who have become famous and to whom several films have been dedicated.


In the 90s, horror cinema underwent other changes, over the years it hybridized with other genres, creating a true cult of the big screen. In recent years, the genre has suffered a strong humanization of negative characters and the generalization of evil. This complex genre goes a step further, giving rise to splashes and at the same time autoironic threads.

An independent film makes its way through the countless films of recent years, it is The Blair Witch Project (1999). Following the international success of Ring (1998) Hideo Nakata, gave rise to a series of psychological horror films, which left out blood and beheadings. The sixth sense (1999) was a very successful example.

The horror of the ring

The Japanese tried their best at the beginning of the new millennium, producing one film after another. Numerous tributes and remakes in these years of classic genre films obtaining more or less successful versions. In recent years, we've also seen a renaissance of the zombie genre with Resident Evil (2002).

Finally, it must be said that this genus, which has undergone numerous hybridizations, has given rise to well-defined subcategories:

Splash or Gore: liters and liters of blood invade the screen in a tumult of brains or mutilated corpses – Saw – The Riddler (2004).

Slasher: a violent killer who kills members of a group one by one – Friday 13 (2009)

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Porn torture: the villain dominates the protagonist through physical and psychological torture – Hotel (2005)

Horror comedyHorror film (2000).

Snuff: The illegal genre, torture and the actual murder of a human being are filmed.

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